While living in heterogeneous society, the major element is about way of living and behaving with … The India-Pakistan war in 1965 pushed the language issue to the background for only a short while, but the second war with Pakistan in 1971 compounded this effect. The course Instructor needs to be aware … Some of the common languages are: Urdu: Urdu is the national language of Pakistan. English has taken place of Urdu in govt. Imposition of Urdu as state language was thought unjust by Bengali-speaking Eastern wing and they demanded that Bengali should be given equal status to that of Urdu. National language is a driving force behind national unity, writes Asim Nawaz Abbassi, 27, of Islamabad in Pakistan, yet in spite of having constitutional status there is no plan to promote the use of Urdu in Pakistan. Common misconceptions about contemporary issues in education Student Teachers are likely to enter their programme with various common misconceptions about education in contemporary Pakistan, which are often shared by the public. 251. Due to the problems in education system of Pakistan, the country is lagging behind in achieving its MDGs of education. The growing extremism has been fueled by a narrow vision of Pakistan’s national identity, threatening the country’s prospect for social cohesion and stability. Medium of instruction is a controversial issue in Pakistan as it is a multilingual country and has a rich traditional history. Pakistan is adopting Urdu as its official language, but with many people not speaking it, the move is proving divisive, as the BBC's Ilyas Khan reports. • In 1948, Quaid-e-Azam addressed in Dhaka: “Urdu and Urdu alone would be the national language of Pakistan.” 71. With such combination television in Pakistan is politicized and looks rather defocused on promoting the national integrity and national identification. The one factor that unites Pakistan is the Urdu language. This article contains major and minor issues related to Pakistan Major Issues Corruption, unemployment, Populations, Transportation, Water issues, Political Failure, Judicial System, Mass Media, Economic issues, Target killing, Environmental Issues, Education, Power shortage, International interference, FATA reforms, Education system, Food Insecurity, Sanitation, corona problems Due to Islamic and tribal influences, non-urban regions of Pakistan have varying levels of gender segregation, while big cities too have conservative expectations in terms of interactions between men and women. It’s a mixture of different languages like Punjabi, Arabic, Farsi and English and other different other languages. Issues. Issue of the national language . becomes a political issue. Standard Hindi is "Sanskritized Khari boli" written in Devanagari while Urdu is "Persianized Khari boli" written in Nastaleeq. Issue of national language 4. The inability of state institutions to reliably provide peaceful ways to resolve grievances has encouraged groups to seek violence as a legitimate alternative. Issue of representation in the center and in units 2. Source: Jinnah.pk . The other name of this language is Hindustani. Just as Pakistan’s ‘language ideology’ (SLS: 17) ignored the ‘shallowness of Urdu’s roots’ (SLS: 31-2) in the provinces that constituted Pakistan in 1947, the stress on Islam led to a state endorsement of a Sunni, literate and reformist Islam disconnected from the religious practices of the majority of the population. After promulgation of Urdu as a national language of then united Pakistan, East Pakistanis strongly protested demanding Bengali as an official language for East Pakistan. Philologists say that there are over 300 dialects and languages spoken in the country today and each is distinctly differently from the other. However, only about 8% of Pakistanis speak Urdu as their first language. The news coverage of national issue, on one hand, is likely to support the national interest of the country, on the other hand national government and politics are more criticized by news channels. 1. It is very much important for Pakistan to have a language policy which is helpful for the promotion of all languages equally. The paper, however, intends to highlight the issues which either have potentials to strengthen or deteriorate the process of national integration in Pakistan. The population explosion which began in the 1970's has become one of the foremost problems in India up to the present day. Choice of Capital City and Establishment of Government. The first problem Pakistan had to face was choosing an administrative Capital city to form and establish a government. It is a mixture of Persian, Arabic and various local languages. Looking at the recent history of Pakistan with reference to the promotion of pluralism, the era of General Pervez Musharraf – 1999–2002 Chief Executive of Pakistan and 2001–2008 President of Pakistan – should be analysed. Ours is a country very rich and diverse linguistically: A recent research says there are 73 languages and dialectsspoken in Pakistan (`How many languages are spoken in Pakistan?` Dawn, March 13, 2017). In today’s Pakistan the difference of language is still a problem in the way of national integration of state. • Advice of Quaid-e-Azam temporarily took the heart out of language movement but the issue was not settled. THE LANGUAGES OF PAKISTAN. The debate on Pakistan`s national language and Pakistani languages has been raging ever since the introduction of a proposed constitutional amendment bill in the National Assembly of Pakistan. These issues created obstacle in the way of the successful working of the notion of federalism. National language.-(1) The National language of Pakistan is Urdu, and arrangements shall be made for its being used for official and other purposes within fifteen years from the commencing day. highlighted to understand any debate about education in Pakistan. It is similar to Hindi but written in Arabic script. The major issues included; 1. One of the issues which highlighted this national diversity was the status of the Bangla language. However, a vast section of the population speaks it as their second language. Bangla was the mother tongue of about 56 percent of the people of Pakistan. The focus of this paper is to analyse relevant aspects of Musharraf’s regime before and after the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 (henceforth 9/11). Ali Abbas reviews the long-standing issues with education in Pakistan. Most languages in Pakistan belong to the Indo-Iranian language group, including Urdu, the national language. national curriculum structure and career opportunities, environmental awareness, and the growing privatization of education. It exploded latter after the death of Quaid-e- Azam. Pakistan had to build its administration from the start and … Pakistan faced this problem in early years of its independence when language controversy exercised far-reaching effects on subsequent history of the country as a whole. On the other hand, Urdu was the mother tongue of only 6 percent people of the whole of Pakistan. Powers and amount of independence extended to the federating units 3. The language is first common thing among all ethnic groups in Pakistan along with common religion, political and economic thinking. Quaid-e-Azam as Governor-General chose Karachi. Here are some cruel issues Pakistan faced after Independence from India in 1947. English is becoming the symbol of the elite. English is the international language and people have adopted the language. A) MDGs and Pakistan. Pakistan - Pakistan - Daily life and social customs: Throughout Pakistan, as in most agrarian societies, family organization is strongly patriarchal, and most people live with large extended families, often in the same house or family compound. The official communication is also done through English. The first and foremost element as history told us is economic disparities. The MDGs have laid down two goals for education sector: Goal 2: The goal 2 of MDGs is to achieve Universal Primary Education (UPE) and by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary … Issue … Urdu is not only the official language of Pakistan but also the national language of the country. Even after years of investments, reforms and promises, the education sector remains weak in Pakistan. The references of historical dynamics including the tragedy of East Pakistan provide the benchmark for the paper. 7.57% speak Urdu in Pakistan. An issue to National Integration of Pakistan (The study of Baloch, Mohajir and Saraiki identities) is written by Ms. Rehana Saeed Hashmi, Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, University of the Punjab, Lahore for the requirement of Ph.D degree in Political Science. Foremost is the issue of ideology – the role of Islam in ... significant issue deals with the language of education – whether it be Urdu, the national language; English, the global language; or a local language. The current policy has created a sense among the small linguistic groups that the government is only promoting Urdu at the coast of regional languages. Later, Bengali too, alongside Urdu, was declared Pakistan`s national language though, the damage was done and it was irreparable, they argue. First of all there is no such language called Urdu or Hindi. • The students of the University of Dhaka organized a protest on 21st feb, 1952. The National Language Of Pakistan. (3)… To the best of my knowledge the thesis is based on original research. While there are more than 70 languages spoken in Pakistan, including the provincial languages Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Balochi, the country’s official languages are Urdu and English. p.49-60). English has been the main language of instruction at the elementary and secondary levels since colonial times. In 1970 Pakistan's first democratic elections since independence from British colonial rule, led to war, the break up of Pakistan and the creation of a new country, Bangladesh. (2) Subject to clause (1), the English language may be used for official purposes until arrangements are made for its replacement by Urdu. The people are friendly, but gender segregation still exists. 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